Trauma Bucomaxilofacial by Raymond J. Fonseca download in ePub, pdf, iPad
The surgeon will prescribe pain relievers and perhaps muscle relaxants. Healing also depends upon the extent of the injury. Physical examination of the inside using a speculum and the outside, in addition to a detailed history of how the injury occurred will determine appropriate treatment. Double vision and decreased mobility of the eye are common complications.
Mild trauma to the nose can sometimes heal without the person being aware of the fracture unless there is obvious deformity. Treatment requires a maxillofacial surgeon. Severe swelling can inhibit diagnosis and treatment.
Hydrotherapy may ease the stress of recovering from trauma. Sometimes an x ray is useful, but it is not always required.
Description Maxillofacial trauma includes injuries to any of the bony or fleshy structures of the face. Boxers suffer repeated blows to the face and occasional knockouts traumatic brain injury.
In that situation, he will have low blood pressure and a rapid pulse. The nose will be tender for at least three weeks. Symptoms of traumatic brain injury include problems with thinking, memory, and judgement as well as mood swings, and difficulty with coordination and balance. Symptoms of eye injury or orbital fracture can include blurred or double vision, decreased mobility of the eye, and numbness in the area of the eye.
Teeth may be knocked out or loosened. Prevention Safety equipment is vital to preventing maxillofacial trauma from automobile accidents and sports. Large cuts may require sutures, and should be done by a maxillofacial surgeon for a good cosmetic result, particularly when the laceration is on the edge of the lip line vermilion. The doctor should be informed of any previous nasal fractures, nasal surgery, or chronic disease such as osteoporosis.
The tooth should be held by the crown, not the root, and kept in milk, saline, or contact lens fluid. The bones that form the bridge of the nose may be fractured, but cartilage may also be damaged, particularly the nasal septum which divides the nose.
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