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The Routledge Companion to World Literature by Theo D'haen download in ePub, pdf, iPad

That is, we can legitimately allege that a theory is true or false based on singular observational statements. They may sustain parts of these theories, hypotheses, and questions, but not the theories as a whole, whose development depends on other factors e. To that end, they must have at least minimal knowledge of their basic theoretical assumptions.

Empirical equivalence and underdetermination. Instead, he seems to endorse the distinction between observational statements, on the one hand, and theoretical ones on the other. In other words, my comprehensive systems are unable to capture reality in all its complexity. Next, I review ways of describing the theory-empirical data relationship that have been proposed in order to address the problem of induction in the realm of the philosophy of science. Inquiry concerning human understanding.

For example, qualitative methods have been accused of reflecting the problems pointed out by philosophers of science e. Although this decision operationally facilitates analysis, it also limits my ability to appreciate subtleties, exceptions, and counterexamples. There are differences among researchers using this approach e.

In this case, theory is thought of as the conceptual component that links empirically grounded thematic categories. As such, the degree to which the method is not theory-free is underestimated.

The uses and guises of theory in qualitative research. The use of generic analysis methods can be an ad hoc resource.

For example qualitative methods

Moreover, this web is not merely a set of hypotheses from which predictions can be made. Consequently, I think discussions about the relationship between method, theory, and, as I describe below, phenomena may represent a sensitive area in the context of qualitative research. Philosophy and the mirror of nature.

Although this decision operationally facilitates analysis