The Biology of Alcoholism by Benjamin Kissin download in ePub, pdf, iPad
These opioids are produced primarily in the pituitary gland and brain. They apparently act like excitatory neurotransmitters to stimulate neurons.
Some portions of the alcohol are excreted through the breath and sweat glands. Once an alcoholic drink has passed our lips it travels down through the esophagus to the stomach where it is absorbed into the bloodstream. These effects are a part of the changes in brain function that lead to tolerance and dependence on alcohol. Here's how to tell when drinking may be causing you harm. Alcohol also raises the amount of triglycerides in the blood stream increasing the risk of high blood pressure.
The liver is a miraculous organ because it can regenerate itself if the alcoholic ceases ingesting alcohol permanently. Once in the bloodstream, alcohol goes to every part of the body. The blood will begin to thin and risk of infection will increase.
Metabolism of alcohol takes place in the liver. This prevents the alcohol from accumulating and destroying cells and organs. By the time cirrhosis has been diagnosed, other complications have developed that are not as forgiving as the liver. These neurotransmitters travel across the narrow space separating one neuron from another i. The ammonia makes a home in the frontal lobe of the brain and wrecks havoc on brain function.
Many studies show how alcohol affects the brain and many of the physical aspects of the body. Alcoholics have been known to bleed into their stomachs and eventually bleed to death before anyone would notice.
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