Rhetoric and Politics by Nicholas Spadaccini download in ePub, pdf, iPad
Rhetoric, in this sense, how to properly give speeches, played an important role in their training. Because the ancient Greeks highly valued public political participation, rhetoric emerged as a crucial tool to influence politics.
Quintilian's work describes not just the art of rhetoric, but the formation of the perfect orator as a politically active, virtuous, publicly minded citizen. This definition of rhetoric as identification broadened the scope from strategic and overt political persuasion to the more implicit tactics of identification found in an immense range of sources. Those who classify rhetoric as a civic art believe that rhetoric has the power to shape communities, form the character of citizens and greatly effect civic life. Augustine exerted strong influence on Christian rhetoric in the Middle Ages, advocating the use of rhetoric to lead audiences to truth and understanding, especially in the church. His own prose and his poetry became exemplars of this new style.
An enthymeme is persuasive because the audience is providing the missing premise. Thus, civic life could be controlled by the one who could deliver the best speech. One of their most famous, and infamous, doctrines has to do with probability and counter arguments. Cicero also left a large body of speeches and letters which would establish the outlines of Latin eloquence and style for generations to come.
In his book, When Words Lose Their Meaning, he argues that words of persuasion and identification define community and civic life. More trusting in the power of rhetoric to support a republic, the Roman orator Cicero argued that art required something more than eloquence. Rhetoric as the art of judgment would mean the rhetor discerns the available means of persuasion with a choice.
The American lyceum in particular was seen as both an educational and social institution, featuring group discussions and guest lecturers. Rhetoric, as an area of study, is concerned with how humans use symbols, especially language, to reach agreement that permits coordinated effort of some sort. Aristotle and Isocrates were two of the first to see rhetoric in this light.
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