On the Independence of Matthew and Mark by John M. Rist download in ePub, pdf, iPad
Though they often add material of substance, they tend to trim down Mark's redundancies and verbosity and express his meaning more concisely. The tradition handed down by the Church Fathers regarded Matthew as the first Gospel written. When the beat begins, the foot soldiers jump along to the beat, triggering a platform switch that raises a large white banner that loops around the installation.
Different answers to this question give rise to different synoptic theories. This theory, with few supporters, is usually viewed as a variation on the two-source theory, where Q is not a document but a body of oral material, and thus called the oral Q theory.
On the other hand, different witnesses nearly always preserve different details and present numerous minor inconsistencies. The evidence supporting Marcan priority is entirely internal. Any of this material that entered public liturgy e. Supporters of Marcan priority see this as Matthew and Luke improving the style of the material they incorporate from Mark.
It has attracted just a few modern proponents. Mark is full of Latinisms, in idioms and vocabulary. This view envisions a Mark who mostly collected the common material shared between Matthew and Luke. In fact, while the majority of Mark is included in the other two Synoptics, the additional material shared between Matthew and Luke only is quite extensive.
So, too, does a single witness consulted on different occasions. The double tradition is then simply portions of Matthew that Luke chose to repeat, so there is no need for Q. The banner is then painted by five other people in jumpsuits when it reaches the top. Where Mark uses an unusual word or expression, Matthew and Luke often substitute something more natural.
But others find Mark's Greek very dense and detailed. Here, Mark uses Luke, then Matthew uses Mark but not Luke, while all three Synoptics draw from a hypothetical Greek translation of an earlier Hebrew work. This Q, then, was the origin of the double tradition material, and many of the minor agreements are instances where both Matthew and Luke followed Q's version of a passage rather than Mark's. While Marcan priority easily sees Matthew and Luke building upon Mark by adding new material, Marcan posteriority must explain some surprising omissions. Moreover, sayings and anonymous healings may have recurred many times in a similar fashion, so that seemingly similar accounts actually preserve distinct events.
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