Academic > Military Sciences > Download, free read

Neorealism, States, and the Modern Mass Army by Joao Resende-Santos download in ePub, pdf, iPad

Organizational capital refersThe gunpowder revolution

Unfortunately, those who would most profit from reading it are likely to overlook it because of a title that is, to say the least, unhelpful. It is difficult therefore to accept the claim that his theory explains cases of military emulation across time and space.

Horowitz explores these critical questions in this genuinely ground-breaking work. To explain the uneven diffusion of military innovations, Horowitz introduces what he calls adoption-capacity theory. He is arguing against an assumption prevalent evidently among political scientists, and particularly those focusing on security matters, that South America was and continues to be conflict-free. To conclude, what Platias and Koliopoulos show is that Thucydides was a fine historian who presents the wars of his age and society with a persuasive analysis that we can relate to in a secular age. With the creation of many military regimes in the region in the s and s, many social scientists began to focus on the historical evolution of civil-military relations, not least of all Brian Loveman.

If that is quod erat demonstrandum, it has been demonstrated very well, but it is not exactly a great discovery. The book explores how states respond to military innovations and how their decisions influence the distribution of power in the international system. Despite the concerns raised here, the book nevertheless begs us to ask the right questions, and in a social science endeavor, taking this first step is never easy. Financial intensity means the investment required to procure the necessary tools of war associated with the innovation.

One wonders what he makes of the tendency to wear British wool suits in nineteenth-century Brazil and elsewhere. Military emulation seems to be understood differently in various parts of the book, and there seems to be a conflation between emulation and innovation, reform, or moderniza- tion. While most of the military innovation literature stays at the invention stage of military innovation, Horowitz goes beyond it.

To be fair, Resende-Santos explicitly eschews any theoretical testing endeavors. The author's main achievement is that he makes clear how much their actions were motivated by perceived security threats from the other two countries. Doctrine defines military norms and structure, how the military sees itself and others, and how it intends to fight. Waltz, often criticized for paying insufficient attention to history in his explanations of how states act in an insecure, competitive world.

Russia, the United States, Meiji Japan, Turkey, and others had also previously adopted some of the best practices of the French, German, and British forces. The book is narrowly focused on the attempts by the Argentines, Brazilians, and Chileans to imitate German military practices in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. To his credit, Resende-Santos in various parts of the book is aware and even acknowledges explicitly most of these issues.

The gunpowder revolution spread from China to European countries that soon adopted and improved its use to the point of revolutionizing warfare. Organizational capital refers to the bureaucratic capacity to transform along the lines dictated by the innovation and to adapt to the emerging strategic and operational reality. He seeks to improve on the insights of Kenneth N. The manner in which some of the contending explanations of military emulation are dismissed is also weak. You are not currently authenticated.

The author's contribution to the development of the theory of neo-realism may not concern most of the readers of this journal. Causes and Consequences for International Politics.