Conceptualizing Culture in Social Movement Research by Britta Baumgarten download in ePub, pdf, iPad
Beyond the official discourse of a shared European memory, this suggests the prevailing impact of differentiated, localized and place specific national memory cultures. Studying encrypted stories in trans-generational movement groups Let me briefly provide an example drawing on my own research on memory and conflict in the European Social Forum. The Return of Martin Guerre.
Hence, the concept of culture is applied to all areas of society, because everything in society is symbolically mediated. We invited some of the respective scholars to contribute to this volume.
Laurence Cox points to the neglect of Western Marxist writing within research on movement culture. However, character figures are more than stories. This means that activists construct memory and try to change it, but my point is that they are constrained by context-specific mnemonic repertoires.
In contrast to Baumgarten, they are not interested in transnational cooperation but in understand- ing national discursive specificities through international comparison. Daphi are cultural approaches that belong to the core of current social movement theory. However, we lack systematic research on how memory itself conditions or constrains collective action in present-day social movements.
Second, while all may agree on the structuring character of cul- ture, authors still represent different traditions of cultural research. Stories, Identities, and Political Change. One-dimensionality of culture Research on movements and culture often focusses on particular dimen- sions of culture only. They stick out as visual, gendered hero figures or villains used as performative carriers of memory, images, and role models that have an impact Jasper forthcoming. Transnational Public Spaces in Social Movements.
Especially, the fram- ing approach Snow et al. An open question that needs further exploration is whether and how heterogeneously social movement groups can digest and remediate memories of exclusion so as to facilitate cooperation in the future. Priska Daphi focusses on the aspect of space in movement culture based on a critical review of the spatial turn in movement studies.
Social movements act embed- ded in a framework, and culture is an important part of this framework. As narrow defi- nitions of culture prevail in social movement research, this broad notion is employed only very marginally. The Hiroshima Exhibit Controversy. Culture is often misleadingly presented as a counterpart of struc- ture. Some approaches focus more on the analysis of culture as a macro- phenomenon, and others on the micro-practices of the production of culture.
Students of memory outside the field of social movements have critically evaluated the conflicting making of memories and silences by different actors. Her research interests include social movements, civil society and political participation, especially in Portugal and Brazil. In the following, I will apply the multidimensional understanding of memory as developed in the interdisciplinary field of memory studies to the field of social movements. Culture has recently been among those fields of research which have remarkably and constantly gained in strength and importance. It is, however, often employed in an unsystematic and limited way.
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