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The use of email, networking forums and other management forums are also more highly valued in Western than Eastern countries where personal relationships are of the highest importance. Effective human resource management also calls for observance of nonverbal cues such as facial expressions, punctuality and bowing etiquette. Communication Human resource practitioners in Eastern and Western countries adopt different modes of communication because of the various meanings attached to verbal and nonverbal interaction. In Eastern countries, there is a tendency toward harmony and a holistic approach, and people resolve conflicts through accommodation and compromise.

As a result, workers receive promotion and rewards on the basis of seniority, and rewarding high-performance teams rather than individuals works better as a motivational tool. In Eastern countries, communication is mostly contextual and indirect because of the need to save face, while in Western countries, verbally direct communication is the ideal practice. Organizational Structure Organizational structure, leadership styles and people-management philosophies differ in Eastern and Western countries because of the varying value systems.

Effective human resource management also calls

In the Western context, individual workers stand out when they exercise personal initiative and are duly rewarded through competitive remuneration and opportunities for growth. The converse is true of Western cultures, where individuals are encouraged to explore and develop themselves and this has a greater capacity to cause conflict.

The use of

The holistic approach also advances that all people are part of a whole system and that each person has a definite role to play, which has the overall effect of minimizing instances of disagreements. Conflict Resolution Conflict resolution is a major aspect of human resource management that Western countries practice more overtly than the Eastern ones. Western style of competing emphasize withdrawing or ignoring a conflict altogether.