Adobe Garamond Font Family
Earlier fonts that may have been cut by Garamond have been suggested but the attribution is less certain. By the time Warde's article was published some revivals had been released that were more authentic revivals of Garamond's work, based on period books and printing specimens. Robert Granjon Jean Jannon. Punches rust, and the copper of matrices is recyclable.
The history and technique of lettering. Monotype Garamond based on Jannon compared to the more geometric transitional serif and Didone type that replaced old-styles during the eighteenth century. Selected papers on sixteenth-century typefaces. But the temporal and technical constraints Rob was working with made it impractical to do anything with this idea at the time. By his report he took up punchcutting seriously in his thirties, although according to Williamson he would have cut decorative material and engravings at least before this.
For other uses, see Garamond disambiguation. Jannon's career took place during a politically tense period.
It was initially intended to serve as a display version but has been used for text, in which its tight spacing and high x-height gives it a somewhat hectoring appearance. Selected Papers on Sixteenth-century Typefaces. As for Garamont, the Bembo-M must have seemed normal to him in his early work.
The colophon of Monotype's Garamont sample, showing the italic and ligatures. The Plantin-Moretus Museum, which preserves original Garamond punches and matrices. However, the matrix is the mould for the letterform part of a sort. Slimbach himself admits that what he produced then reflected commercial pressures and the limitations of type technology in the late s. In the period of Garamond's early life roman type had been displacing the blackletter or Gothic type which was used in some although not all early French printing.
Critical Writings on Typography. Following an eclipse in popularity in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, many modern revival faces in the Garamond style have been developed.
Vervliet suggests that this type was not cut by Garamond himself but may have influenced him. The grecs du roi type, the contract for which survives, is the type with which Garamond enters the historical record, although it is clearly not the work of a beginner. The American branch's version, garageband 09 for Garamond No.
Selected Papers on Sixteenth-Century Typefaces. Green looks too stocky and authority too fine. Open-source Unicode typefaces List of open source typefaces List of free software Unicode typefaces. Sadly, that version is utterly outdated. Type in a book by Jacques Dubois and printed in by Robert Estienne.
Royal Holloway PhD thesis. Crises et essors nouveaux. Monotype's well-known executive Stanley Morison wrote in his memoir that the italic was based on Granjon's work, but as Carter's annotations of it note, this seems generally to be a mistake. Jannon was a Protestant in mostly Catholic France.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Bibliographical Society of London.
The most common digital font named Garamond is Monotype Garamond. Rob thought this was very interesting. Green in a slimmer style for text printed large, authority in a thicker style for text printed small. Books published in France before in Latin and Languages other than French. Claude Garamont, graveur et fondeur de lettres.
Jones that Granjon appeared to me to be fifty per cent Garamond and fifty per cent Caslon. This claim has been criticised as a misinterpretation of how typefaces are actually measured and what printing methods are desirable. This list focuses on notable references to Garamond or his typefaces, not including the extremely large number of books printed in them.
Free and open-source typography. The two italics he cut for his own venture into the publishing field were poor imitations of the Aldine letter. An Historical Study of the Elder Stephanus. Digital Typefaces Inspired by the Past.
There you can also download a ttf version of the font. Many modern revival fonts based on French renaissance printing are influenced by the work of Robert Granjon c. Many fonts were cut, some such as Robert Estienne's for a single printer's exclusive use, others sold or traded between them.
California State University. Garamond died in and his punches and matrices were sold off by his widow. These versions are discussed separately below under these names. Carter in the s followed this conclusion. Fifty Typefaces That Changed the World.
After apparently working with the Estienne family in Paris he set up an independent career as printer in Sedan in what is now north-eastern France, becoming printer for the Protestant Academy. The History and Technique of Lettering. French Ministry of Culture.
One fine body
Institute of English Studies. That seems like a bad idea, as the percentage of Americans with poor eyesight is skyrocketing.
Frederic Goudy's Garamont type for the American Monotype company in close-up. Princeton Architectural Press.
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